12

Responsible Consumption

Ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns.

Goal Animation

Target 12.1

Target 12.1

Implement the 10-Year Sustainable Consumption and Production Framework

Implement the 10‑Year Framework of Programmes on Sustainable Consumption and Production Patterns, all countries taking action, with developed countries taking the lead, taking into account the development and capabilities of developing countries.

Target 12.2

Target 12.2

Sustainable Management and Use of Natural Resources

By 2030, achieve the sustainable management and efficient use of natural resources.

Target 12.3

Target 12.3

Halve Global Per Capita Food Waste

By 2030, halve per capita global food waste at the retail and consumer levels and reduce food losses along production and supply chains, including post-harvest losses.

Target 12.4

Target 12.4

Responsible Management of Chemicals and Waste

By 2020, achieve the environmentally sound management of chemicals and all wastes throughout their life cycle, in accordance with agreed international frameworks, and significantly reduce their release to air, water and soil in order to minimize their adverse impacts on human health and the environment.

Target 12.5

Target 12.5

Substantially Reduce Waste Generation

By 2030, substantially reduce waste generation through prevention, reduction, recycling and reuse.

Target 12.6

Target 12.6

Encourage Companies to Adopt Sustainable Practices and Sustainability Reporting

Encourage companies, especially large and transnational companies, to adopt sustainable practices and to integrate sustainability information into their reporting cycle.

Target 12.7

Target 12.7

Promote Sustainable Public Procurement Practices

Promote public procurement practices that are sustainable, in accordance with national policies and priorities.

Target 12.8

Target 12.8

Support Developing Countries' Scientific and Technological Capacity for Sustainable Consumption and Production

Support developing countries to strengthen their scientific and technological capacity to move towards more sustainable patterns of consumption and production.

Target 12.A

Target 12.A

Support Developing Countries' Scientific and Technological Capacity for Sustainable Consumption and Production

Support developing countries to strengthen their scientific and technological capacity to move towards more sustainable patterns of consumption and production.

Target 12.B

Target 12.B

Develop and Implement Tools to Monitor Sustainable Tourism

Develop and implement tools to monitor sustainable development impacts for sustainable tourism that creates jobs and promotes local culture and products.

Target 12.C

Target 12.C

Remove Market Distortions that Encourage Wasteful Consumption

Rationalize inefficient fossil-fuel subsidies that encourage wasteful consumption by removing market distortions, in accordance with national circumstances, including by restructuring taxation and phasing out those harmful subsidies, where they exist, to reflect their environmental impacts, taking fully into account the specific needs and conditions of developing countries and minimizing the possible adverse impacts on their development in a manner that protects the poor and the affected communities.